Lyme Disease

Background Information:
Who Discovered It:
The first recorded case of Lyme Disease is described by Alfred Buchwald in 1883.
Described it as a degenerative skin disorder
Lyme disease was first identified by a person called Dr. Allen Steere in 1975 in the US.
There was a severe outbreak of rheumatoid arthritis in Lyme, Connecticut
Observed illness was in taking place in summer.

How It Was Discovered:
Another scientist, Willy Burgdorfer, in 1988 isolated the spirochetes which belonged to the family of Borellia (a form of bacteria)
The same spirochetes were found in the mid gut of the Ixodes Ticks (were commonly found on deer)
The spirochetes reacted with immune serum from patients that had been diagnosed with Lyme disease.
Scientific Names:
Lyme Disease - Doesn’t have any other scientific name

The Bacteria That Causes Lyme Disease : Borrelia Burgdorferi

Lyme disease is called “The Great Imitator” because its symptoms mimic many other diseases. It can affect any organ of the body, including the brain and nervous system, muscles and joints, and the heart.

What Causes Lyme Disease:
Many people think that Lyme disease is caused by ticks. However, it is actually a disease caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi.
The bacteria is transmitted to humans via tick bites.
The bacteria is also found in the wild in white-footed mice and in ticks on deer.

Impact On Society:
Lyme disease is the most common arthropod-borne disease in the U.S.
More than 150,000 cases have been reported since 1982.


Common Places in the United States

High Risk in the North East because of the high deer population
The number of cases of the disease in an area depends on the number of ticks present and how often the ticks are infected with the bacteria.

Common Places in the World:
Northern Hemisphere temperate regions
Most Common places: Japan, Northwest China,   far Eastern Russia, Central Europe, and the United States.