Logic Essay 1

When dealing with arguments, you can put it two different ways. The two arguments are deductive and inductive. Both have their own ways of putting out an argument. Yet, they both have distinct differences. Deductive and inductive arguments have several differences based on their sentence structure and wording in the premises and conclusion. They also have differences in their forms, validity, soundness, strength and cogency.
The first difference between deductive and inductive arguments is their reasoning. Deductive arguments are the arguments that have necessary reasoning. Inductive arguments are those that deal with probability reasoning. In deductive arguments the conclusion will follow necessarily from the premises whereas inductive, the conclusion follows probably from the premises. An example: “The meerkat is a member of the mongoose family. All members of the mongoose family are carnivores. Therefore, it necessarily follows that the meerkat is a carnivore” (Hurley, p. 31). This argument is deductive because of the necessarily aspect of it. It would be inductive if there was a probability to it.
An easy way to distinct the two from one another is how strongly the conclusion is to follow the premises. We can determine this on the occurrence of special indicator words, the strength of the link between premises and conclusion, and the form of the argumentation that is used (Hurley, p. 31). The main indicator word for deductive arguments would be “necessarily” in the conclusion. Other indicators would be “certainly,” “absolutely,” and “definitely.” The most noticed indicator word for inductive arguments is the word “probably” in the conclusion. Other indicators include “improbable,” “plausible,” implausible,” “likely,” “unlikely,” and “reasonable to conclude” (Hurley, p. 31-32). By being able to identify indicator words for deductive and inductive you can easily interpret the two. Another way to interpret an argument as deductive or inductive is the strength...