Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Foreign Studies
Barbara Riggs and Jacob I. Lee (1994) of the University of Maryland discussed in their paper the “old grading system of their university and problems that the people involved have encountered.
It is a dauting task to process 130,000 grades in a timely – let alone painless – manner every semester. Add to this the collection of Early Warning grades and a tremendous amount of work for both administrative staff and the faculty. Therefore, it was no surprise when several faculty voiced concern over the traditional time-consuming grade collection process.
The established method of grade collection was similar to other universities during the mid 80’s. Scannable grade sheets were produced for each course section and distributed to the faculty. Over 8,000 grade sheets were created every semester and then hand carried to academic departments by R & R supports staff. The department were then responsible for delivering grade sheets to the appropriate instructor. After all this routing, it was not unusual for a faculty member to request a new grade sheet because the critical had been lost or damaged.
Once the grade sheet made it to the faculty member’s hands, they were required to write the grade and then fill in the corresponding bubble with a #2 pencil on the scanning form. If mistakes were made the faculty member has to be sure to erase the incorrect mark completely. Erasures often led to scanner misreads and recording of incorrect grades. The faculty were also required to return all grade sheets to the Records & Registration Office within 48 hours of their final examination. Grade sheets were not permitted to be returned by mail because they could not be foided, but, more importantly, because mailing created security issues.
After being logged in and checked, grade sheets were scanned through a Scantron 8400, creating a file that was then uploaded and applied on the mainframe. Errors on...