Literature Review

Socialisation is a development process by which an individual learns and becomes aware of the patterns of behaviour expected as a member of society. Jean Piaget , a famous socilisation theorist was Swiss born on the 9th of August,   1896 and passed away in 1980. Piaget spent 50 years, between 1929 and 1967 studying cognitive development in children. This all began when jean developed a particular interest in psychology, jean was very independent and in his spare time and took an interest into nature.   When Piaget turned ten his first paper on Albino Sparrows was published. By his twenty first birthday, he had published twenty scientific papers on molluscs. He studied at the University of Neuchatel, from where he graduated in 1916 at the age of twenty, and received his doctorate of Biology at the age of twenty two. In 1919 he became interested in psychology, and studied and carried out research in Zurich, Switzerland. Jean then moved on to teach philosophy and psychology in Paris, this is where his questions began to arise.Jean has had a great impact on what is known about how children think and operate, he believes that children are curious, willing learners who need stimulation and make sense of the world by dealing with people and objects.
Piaget noticed that children repeatedly kept making the same mistakes which adults didn’t. This made him realise that child’s processes are differing from adults. Through further thinking piaget realised that children develop though different stages until they develop a level of thinking that resembles an adults. After Piaget married Valentine Chatenay in 1923 he began studying the intellectual development of their three children. For many years Piaget came up with a theory relating to the socialisation of a child. This theory consisted of four different stages: The sensiormotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage and the formal operations stage.
The first stage was the sensorimotor...