Literacy Rate

4- improvement in literacy rate btw males and females in our country
Women have much lower literacy rate. Compared to boys, more fewer girls are registered in the schools, and many of them quit in early years. According to a 1998 report by U.S. Department of Commerce, the limitations of female education in India are inadequate school facilities (such as health facilities), shortage of female teachers and gender bias in courses (majority of the women are described as weak and helpless)
The number of literate women among the female population of India was around 6% from the British Raj onwards to the formation of the Republic of India in 1947. Concerted efforts led to improvement from 15.3% in 1961 to 28.5% in 1981. By 2001 the literacy for women became about 50% of the overall female population, though these statistics were still very low compared to world standards and even male literacy within India.

Education Planning in India is one of the essential areas of concern in all the Five year Plans in India. With the onset of globalization and modernization in recent times, education at all levels is very necessary if India is to outdo other nations. 

Since the 1990s, the Indian government has been emphasizing the need to develop education in India across all levels - elementary, secondary, vocational, higher level, and technical. Towards this, the government has also formulated certain measures to increase adult literacy and continuing education among Indians.

Hindrances for Education Planning in India:

The major problems of the Education Planning in India as far as analysts opine are as under: 

  * high drop-out rates
  * low levels of learning achievement
  * low participation of girl students
  * inadequate school infrastructure
  * teacher absenteeism rate high
  * large-scale teacher vacancies
  * inadequate teaching/learning material
  * lack of public involvement in provisioning...