Level 5 Ccld

Unit 170
Explore models of disability

1.1 Explain the different models of disability  
1.2 Analyse how individuals experience different theoretical models of disability
1.3 Analyse different theoretical models of disability shape organisational structures and outcomes
There are different views of disability, the medical or individual model and the social model.
The medical or individual model views an individuals disability as a medical problem, which results in an individual not being able to function fully in society because of their disability. This model is based on trying to find a way for the person to overcome barriers and adjust to fit society. This could be a physical condition which may reduce the individuals quality of life. This is usually caused by a disease, trauma or other health conditions which requires medical care.
The social model was developed by disabled people themselves, it argues that is it society that prevents individuals from being full and active because they barriers that are in their way. It argues that society fails to provide appropriate services. The social model is more “person” centered than “medical” centered.
This is usually not down to the disability but a complex collection of conditions, many of which are created by the social environment. The social model is more about impairment rather than a disability. That is to say that the impaired person is disabled as a result of social barriers and structures.  
Individuals may struggle in the society with a disability as they may not be able to get involved with different every day tasks.
People with the ‘medical model’ disability may think they may not have normal bodies, and struggle to come to terms with how the have limited movement or impairments. This may affect their view of not being able to take part in social activities. This then can make disabled people less likely to challenge their exclusion from mainstream society.
In my nursery I 1:1 a child with...