Learning Disabilities

Comparison between Asperger Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities

  Asperger Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities are two disorders that carry many similarities and differences. Some of these similarities and differences lie in the same developmental area and to understand these variations, we must look at these syndromes individually and as a whole.
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities
    Because an entry in the psychiatric diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-IV-TR) has not been written, a firm definition of Nonverbal Learning Disability does not exist (Fast p. 1) Even now, researchers are still debating what makes up this disorder. Nonverbal Learning Disorders are also called “right-hemisphere learning disorders”, and brain scans of individuals with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities show mild abnormalities of the right cerebral hemisphere (Thompson p. 1). Many of these disorders are unnoticed by teachers and others through the majority of a child’s education until they reach a level of higher instruction. Persons with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities have difficulty learning information presented non – verbally, and usually it is in the upper grades things are broken down less specifically.   Because of these instructional differences, problems arise (Thompson p. 1).
  Persons with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities have some problems with discrimination, visual memory, visual motor, and visual information due to the way the brain processes information. These deficits cause problems with getting lost, remembering what they see, and recognizing and remembering things and participating in sports. (Fast p. 3)

Asperger Syndrome

  A common description of a person that has Asperger Syndrome is “having a dash of autism” (Kirby p. 1) Individuals can show a range of characteristics of this disability and it varies from mild to severe. It is also very common for an individual to have a dual diagnosis of ADD or ADHD (Kirby p. 1).   Some feel...