Management and Leadership are the two sides of the same coin
Lt Cdr Siddharth Rana (04912N)

“Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.”

                                              - Peter Drucker

1. Societies have been arguing and writing about the science and practice of management since the early years of the last century, and about leadership for at least 2000 years, all in an effort to demystify both. Are Leadership and Management different or same?   Is management, in fact, a practice, an art, or a science?   Are leaders born or made? The argument continues.

2. The terms “leadership” and “management” are seen very differently by diverse people. Some individuals see these terms as synonyms and frequently use them interchangeably throughout phrases and sentences. Others approach them as extreme opposites; so extreme, in fact, that they would argue that you cannot be a good manager and a good leader at the same time. Still other people reside somewhere in the middle and realize that while there is a difference between leadership and management, with the right knowledge an individual can successfully navigate both from the same position.

3. Today’s groups, organizations, and teams need both effective leaders and effective managers to run a successful operation. While some obvious similarities (i.e. they both involve influencing constituents or employees; authority and power are generally given with both positions) can be found between leadership and management, there are also some striking differences (i.e. management is often more task-oriented; leadership is often considered more inspirational and visionary). For the purposes of training, leadership and management are defined somewhat differently; nonetheless, it is still understood that one person can work efficiently in mastering both fields.

4. Organizations – both military and civil, today are recognizing that the roles of management and leadership are deep,...