Law and Social Work

Social Legislation in a Welfare State

Need of Social Legislation:
1. Social Legislation is for social change
2. Social Legislation is leads to social welfare
3. Social Legislation set-up for the development of the society

Social Legislation in a Welfare State:
State Intervention is required to safe guard mutual rights & duties. Social Legislation especially in a adjustable instrument, stratifying the requirement of an ever changing society.

According to Oliver Wendell, “Legislation of today is to meet the social needs of yesterday.”

Nature of Legislation in Welfare State:
  1. Women welfare
  2. Child welfare
  3. Schedule caste development
  4. Welfare of OBC
  5. Welfare of disable person
  6. Labour welfare
  7. Housing welfare

Women welfare:
The total workforce in our country is about 314 million, out of which women constitute 90 million & man 224 million. To maintain the dignity of women, equality of sexes & establishment of special justice, women welfare programmes such as Janani Suraksha Yojana, MCH, Maternity Benefit Leave, ICDS, formation of SHG, micro finance are some of the keys which has provided welfare majors to the women.
Others as Hindu marriage act-1955, Hindu Succession Act-1956, Women Trafficking Act-1956, Dowry Prohibition Act-1961, Women Education Equality Act-1956, Women Empowerment Act-1993 etc. are protect the rights of women.

Child welfare:
After the formation of legislation, child labour act-1986 was came into force. According to which no child below the age of 14 years should work in any hazardous place. In July 2006, the Indian Govt. brought an amendment according to which, “no child below the age of 14 should work in any hazardous place or in dhaba, hotels as servant or work as a domestic servant. ”The Juvenile Justice Act, 2001 said that if a child below the age of 14 saw any deviant behavior shouldn’t be punished & treat friendly behavior in adjudication.”

Schedule Caste...