Language and Memory


Language and Memory
Natalie Maxwell
PSYC 560
Dr. Melissa Wood
August 20, 2011

“Language is a set of symbols and rules for the combination of these symbols that allow for communication and comprehension among individuals” (Robinson-Rielger and Robinson-Rielger, 2008, p. 383). Language is how people communicate with each other, used by race, heritage, and background to communicate. Language is important to the way people communicate because semantic memory is vital to language.
There would be no language is semantic memory didn’t exist because language, words, meanings are stored. Language is how people create sentences, paragraphs, phrases by what he or she say, how he or she will say it. Language becomes second nature when he or she already knows what and how he or she says it to another person. People believe that when he or she speaks, it is without his or her thought and is done unconsciously.
In this paper, the subject will explain the nature and function of semantic memory, analyze the basic functions of language, examine the stages of language production, and explain the relationship between semantic memory and language production.
Explain the nature and function of semantic memory
“Semantic memory is one’s storehouse of explicit general knowledge that is of knowledge that can be expressed in words and is not mentally tied to specific experiences in one’s own life. Semantic memory includes, but is not limited to one’s knowledge of word meanings” (Gray, 2007, p. 334). When a baby is born, he or she learned to recognize symbols and words repeated by his or her parents because the symbols and words become stuck in the baby’s brain. When the baby gets older, information about the symbol or word is stored inside the baby’s brain.
Azar (2007) stated that, “As with the baby, semantic memory is most active during childhood; it is during this time that most individuals encounter and learn new concepts and ideas” (p....