Knowing About Therapeutic Models of Counselling


2.1 Identify the key features of at least 3 major therapeutic models.
Person Centred
Person Centred Counselling is an approach to counselling that was founded by Carl Rogers in the 1950s, it is a humanistic approach based on the assumption that human beings are experts of themselves who have access to their own natural resources of self-understanding and self-direction. Person centred counselling lays focus on the importance of subjective experience and how clients can become out of touch with their organismic experiencing through taking on the experiences and evaluations of others and treating them as if their own, this is due to the personality having two components,   the core self and the self-concept. Rogers believed that each of us has the innate ability to reach our full potential. As infants we are born with it, but because of early experiences, we may lose our connection to it. The self concept we develop in response to our early experiences may tend to alienate us from our true self.   In order to facilitate the client in achieving autonomy and self-actualisation the therapist provides three core conditions in a safe and comfortable environment. These core conditions are; Unconditional positive regard, Empathic understanding and Congruence. The first, unconditional positive regard, means that the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and non-judgementally. The client is free to explore all thoughts and feelings, positive or negative, without danger of rejection or condemnation. The second, empathic understanding , means that the counsellor accurately understands the client’s thoughts, feelings, and meanings from the client’s own perspective. When the counsellor perceives what the world is like from the client’s point of view, it demonstrates not only that that view has value, but also that the client is being accepted. The third, congruence , means that the counsellor is authentic...