Key Computer Terms

Axia College Material
Appendix B

Key Computer Terms CheckPoint

Definitions and Usage of Information Technology Infrastructure Components and Technologies

The following terms are examples of information technology infrastructure components and technologies used in business. Research definitions using the Internet. You will write a definition of each term and provide at least two examples of the component or technology. Provide citations and references for all resources.

Term | Definition | References | Examples (At least two) |
Hardware | Physical parts of a computer system | | Monitor and mouse |
Software | The programs used to direct the operation of a computer, as well as documentation giving instructions on how to use them. | | Internet browsers and word processors |
Data management technology | Software that controlsthe organization,storage, retrieval,security and integrity ofData in a database. |,2542,t=DBMS&i=40952,00.asp | Data modeling, Data Warehousing, Data movement, and Database administration |
Networking | A group of two or more computer systems linked together. | | Local-area networks, wide-area networks, home-area networks, and metropolitan |
Telecommunications | Technologies that send information over distances. | | Mobile phones, land lines, satellite phones, and voice over Internet protocol |
Technology services | Services that make use of modern technology. | | Internet service providers and technical support |
Personal digital assistants | A lightweight, hand-held, usually pen-based computer used as a personal organizer. | | PalmPilot, BlackBerry, and Smartphone. |