Key Characteristics and Concepts of Transactional Analysis

Explain Key Characteristics And Concepts Of Transactional Analysis

The characteristics and concepts of Transactional Analysis   (T.A.) were founded by Eric Berne M.D. in the late 1950s. His theory Of Transactional Analysis Was introduced in 1964 by his book Games People Play The Basic Handbook Of Transactional Analysis. It is a therapy based upon the theory that a person has three ego states.

  Parent-the influences we experience through early childhood   i.e. :parents,older people,teachers
  Adult-the response to the issues of here and now
  Child-feelings,thoughts and behaviours learned from childhood

These "States" along with other transactional analysis,concepts,models and tools are used to analyse how individuals communicate, and identify the interaction that is needed for a better outcome. A (T.A.) therapist works on the here and now problems with the aim of solving bad behavioural problems, while helping the client to develop day to day tools to help them to over come these, while they maintain control over their own lives. This control over their own lives is described by Berne as the recovery of the three vital human capacities which are spontaneity, awareness and intimacy.

This is a talking therapy and the sessions are designed to explore the clients personality and how it has been shaped by their experiences especially the ones from childhood. The therapist then works with them to identify what is wrong with their communication skills, and help them to change their repetitive and negative patterns, that are causing them problems.

Ego States are the three major parts of a persons personality and because each one has different thoughts, feelings and behaviours it affects the individual in the way that they express things, interactions or forming relationships. It is because the skills involved are easy to learn, it can be applied to all areas of life, which in turn can help in solving many different problems.

Where the issues of...