Juvenile Rehabilitation

Juvenile Rehabilitation or Incarceration
Vicky Connell
Lydia Sam
November 13, 2011

Juvenile Rehabilitation or Incarceration
Juvenile rehabilitation or incarceration has been a topic of discussion for many years.   Should the juvenile justice system focus solely on incarceration?   Or does the juvenile justice system sentence juveniles to rehabilitation treatment programs?   This paper will focus on rehabilitation as the best practice for our juveniles.
The juvenile justice system was created in the 1800’s with the intent to treat juveniles as adults and if found guilty were imprisoned in an adult prison.   In 1847 John Agustus began what was called “planting the seeds of juvenile probation.”   Here is an excerpt from a court proceeding:
"I bailed nineteen boys, from 7 to 15 years of age, and in bailing them it was understood, and agreed by the court, that their cases should be continued from term to term for several months, as a season of probation; thus each month at the calling of the docket, I would appear in court, make my report, and thus the cases would pass on for 5 or 6 months. At the expiration of this term, twelve of the boys were brought into court at one time, and the scene formed a striking and highly pleasing contrast with their appearance when first arraigned. The judge expressed much pleasure as well as surprise at their appearance, and remarked that the object of law had been accomplished and expressed his cordial approval of my plan to save and reform (Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 1999)."
This is the first attempt to move the current juvenile justice system to reflect rehabilitation as a court model.
According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (2009) youth need to build strong supportive relationships with their positive spheres of influences.   Once these relationships are formed it has proven that a juvenile’s behavior decreases and they are more likely to refuse the temptation to fall into drug and...