Don-Shawnae Acoff
Ms. Dawson
18 March, 2011

Historical Jazz
People all around the world listen to all types of music including jazz. Jazz can be very hard to define because it spans from Ragtime marches to 2000s-era fusion. Attempts we’re made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions using the view point of European music history or African music for example. Jazz critic Joachim Berendt argues that all such attempts are unsatisfactory. He says the way to find out what jazz is to look at more broadly.

New Orleans takes major credit for it’s birth, although this unique type of style occurred almost in other North American areas like Saint Louis, Kansas City, and Chicago. Some of it’s traits carried from West African black folk music which had developed in the Americas, also joined with European popular light classic music of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It became rhythms of ragtime and minor chord voicing of the characteristics such as blues. Jazz and Blues are very much different from each other. Jazz got its music style from the blues.(“Jazz”)

Jazz was started and influenced by black spirituals sung on plantations by slaves. The songs sung at the slave’s secret church meetings. It had certain rhythms and different notes(called blue’s notes). Slaves would always sing jazz as a secret message saying follow the north star and it will lead you to freedom.

First Major Groups -
In New Orleans Dixieland dating from the early 1910s, big-band style and swing time from the 1930s and 1940s, bebop from the mid-1940s, a variety of latin jazz fusions such as afro-Cuban. It’s major groups came from shuffles, shouts, spirituals, ragtime and many more. The first groups that ever actually was recognized was Dixieland but before called Dixieland jass. As the music spread around the world it has drawn on local, national, and regional musical cultures. (“Jazz”)

Conclusion -
In this research project I...