Intermediate Sanctions

Intermediate Sanctions
Diane L. Feehan
Axia College
Foundations of the Criminal Justice System / CJS/200
January 21, 2011
James B. Spina

Intermediate Sanctions
Intermediate sanctions was created as an alternative to jail or prison through the use of midlevel punishments to midlevel offenders.   Developed at the state and local levels, this alternative has proven to be a cost effective diversion to offenders.   There are various forms of intermediate sanctions include day reporting centers, intensive supervision probation (“ISP”) programs, shock incarceration, and home confinement.
Day reporting center allow the offender to remain in the community, but spend most of each day at the center.   With all offenders under one roof, intense supervision is accomplished.   These centers offer treatment programs for drug and alcohol abusers, counseling for psychological issues such as depression and anger management, educational programs and the like.   These programs are designed to intensely supervise and greatly assist the offenders who are sentenced to these day reporting centers.
ISP is more restrictive than regular probation.   It involves more face-to-face contact between the offenders and their probation officers.   Unfortunately, ISP has not proven to be as successful in deterring repeat offenders.
Shock incarceration can be compared to the Scared Straight type of system.   It is a short-term imprisonment that is usually given to first-time offenders in order to hopefully deter them from future criminal behavior.   The term of shock incarceration can be a few weeks to a couple of months and the remainder of the offender’s sentence is suspended so long as he or she does not reoffend for a period of at least a year or two after returning to society.
Home confinement has three forms:   curfew, home detention and home incarceration, each of which is self-explanatory to a degree.   Curfew, obviously, requires the person to be at home by a certain time.   Home detention...