Information Systems and Organizational Departments
The technology and information systems of today have penetrated every aspect of business and personal life. In one’s personal life individuals use personal computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices to store and carry personal information. In the business world, information systems have become essential to the smooth, ceaseless operations associated with business. Regardless of the department, one works in accounting, marketing or human resources, understanding and using information systems properly is essential to one’s personal and business success.
The information systems used in accounting are a complex combination of modern technology and traditional accounting restraints used to provide the necessary financial information to manage an organization. Benefits of computerized information systems in accounting include speed, and accuracy. However, the system also possesses disadvantages including less documentation, and complicating the process of determining where errors occur (Grudinsku & Burch, 1989, p. 325). The primary components of accounting information systems include input devices, processing, and output devices. Common input devices include computers, scanning devices, and data entry. When working with accounting information the “double entry” model of the fifteenth century is still in use today. Typical output devises include printers, computer monitors, and electronic communication devices. Together these devices are used to manage and track debt collection, finances, and analyze profit, and loss within a business.
In the marketing department information, systems consist of people, equipment, scanners, surveys and procedures that a business uses to organize, and assess information needed to make accurate marketing decisions. In marketing information is the key to success. By monitoring the purchasing habits of consumers, a marketing team can determine if there is a direct correlation...