Infectious Disease

Foodborne Illness Short Answer
Aldonia Bailey
Alicia D. Akins

• What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite.
Salmonella is the most frequently reported cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella is a gram- negative, rod- shaped bacilli that can cause diarrheal illness in humans. They are microscopic living creatures that pass from feces of   people or animals to other people or other animals. The Salmonella family includes over 2300 serotypes of bacteria which are one celled organisms. The two types of Salmonella that are most common in the US ar Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium these account for half of all human infections. The bacteria lives in the intestinal tracts of infected animals and humans. The name of the bacteria is Salmonellosis which is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella.  
• How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water?
Salmonella lives in the intestinal tract of humans and other animals, including birds. Salmonella is usually transmitted to humans by eating foods contaminated with animal feces. Salmonella that is present on raw meat and poultry could survive if the product is not cooked to a safe minimum internal temperature. Salmonella can also cause foodborne illness salmonellosis through cross contamination such as juices from raw meat or poultry that come into contact with ready to eat foods.
• What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States?
The CDC stated there was a real life salmonella outbreak tied to ground turkey that infected 76 people and killed one. The reports of infection came from 26 states between march 1st and august 1st of this year. Through their investigation of the outbreak the CDC discovered that 25 of the persons reported ill consumed ground turkey recently leading them to believe the infection was spread...