Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet

University of Phoenix Material

Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet

  Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology.

      I/O psychology came about during the beginning of the discipline of psychology in the later era of the 1800s. Walter Dill Scott and Hugo Munsterberg were recognized for the initial work in industrial and organizational psychology. Hugo and Scott were prominent instructors and experimental psychologists who had a profound concern in worker choice and the recently announced psychological tests. Frederick W. Taylor established the “scientific management” that focused toward the supervision of assembly labors. Lillian Gilbreth, who was a psychologists, and Frank Gilbreth, who was an engineer jointed their knowledge of each of their fields into one diverse theory of human factors, which focused on how effective performances progress additional effective working strategies (Spector, 2008).

      Both World Wars heightened industrial and organizational psychology as psychologists industrialized examinations intended to measure mental aptitude for further suitable personnel assignment. The Army first used this and became "the first large-scale application of psychological testing to place individuals in jobs" (Kanfer, 2005). WW II persistently inspired industrial and organizational psychology in armed forces submissions, and encompassed the innovative facet of preserving the spirits of personnel in the military. Once the battle was over industrial and organizational psychologists were asked to research the growth complications, especially connected to production and inspiration (Kanfer, 2005).

  Explain why industrial/organizational psychology should be considered a science.   Include an explanation of how descriptive and inferential statistics are used in I/O research.

      I/O psychology is defined as, “an applied field that is concerned with the development and application of scientific...