Indo-China, Success of the Viet Minh to 1954 and the Significance of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu:


Describe and Explain the Success of the Viet Minh to 1954 and the Significance of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu:

The Viet Minh (league for the independence of Vietnam) was a national independence movement created by Ho Chi Minh, founded in South China on May 19th, 1941. They originally formed to seek independence from France for Vietnam. Once Japan began to invade the Viet Minh opposed them with help from the United States and the Republic of China, they then opposed the re-occupation of Vietnam by France and then later on by the United States. In early 1954 the battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought by the Viet Minh and the French. The purpose? To try and end the war quickly.

The Vietnamese never accepted French rule and as a result there were many violent outbreaks of resistance which were all put down by the French. The Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dong was formed in 1927 with the aim of forcibly removing the French from Vietnam. The members only had a vague idea about the country that they wanted to establish once they gained independence. By 1929 it had 1500 members, mainly consisting of teachers and government officials. Its terrorist activities attracted the French’s attention which launched an uprising in the February of 1930 before the French moved against it. This was a disastrous effort which led to many leaders being executed. Although the party survived for a few years it never became a threat to the French again. Now that the only nationalist group that held any threat to communists had been eliminated, the French had now made it easier for Ho Chi Minh to gather the support of much of the Vietnamese population and it made it harder for themselves later on to find an alternative to Ho and the communists.   In May 1929 at a meeting in a football stadium in Hong Kong, Ho formed the Indo-Chinese Communist Party.

Once France was invaded by Nazi Germany, Indo-China was changed forever.   France surrendered to Germany in May 1940 and became under...