India N World Science

Claire Cummings
Francis Bezzina
Mitch Yunker
Envs 160 Spring 08

Water Pollution in the Yamuna River, New Delhi, India

With the rapidly growing population in New Delhi, pollution levels are at an all time high and continue to become increasingly dangerous to city residents. New Delhi is subject to pollution in all forms and has been categorized among the top ten most polluted cities in the world. One of the most significant factors contributing to New Delhi’s massive pollution levels, though, is extreme contamination of the Yamuna River, the city’s primary source of water.
Water pollution has been a major issue in New Delhi for quite some time and there have been numerous acts already set in part to help alleviate the issue. However, none of these acts have been followed through with to the extent necessary and pollution levels continue to grow. New Delhi government and the Pollution Control Board initiated the Environmental Protection Act in 1986. The act was partially successful, promoting greener vehicle use and even cleaner oil. Unfortunately, however, pollution levels simply slowed down for a short while before again becoming out of control. The Central Pollution Control Board started two slightly more minor acts; the Cess Act and the Amendment Act in 1977 and 1988, respectively. Both encouraged better treatment of sewage before being dumped into the Yamuna but neither made any significant progress due to a widespread lack of motivation about the issue.
      The pressures behind India's environmental problem are largely industrial.  The recent economic boom for India has brought its good qualities, but there has not been regulation on waste handling.  Major amounts of pollutant wastes are dumped straight into the Yamuna River.  Adding to this hefty problem is the fact that the economic boom further increased the population.  The population was already in a poor situation, and the influx of those seeking work in the newly developed financial...