Implications of the Rise of China on International Relations and the Birth of a New World Order: a Realist Perspective


Implications of the Rise of China on International Relations and the Birth of a New World Order: A Realist Perspective

Focus Area: From a realist perspective, what are the implications of China’s rise in the late twentieth century on current international relations issues, and what effect will these have on the possible birth of   a new world order?
Explanation and Justification: China’s meteoric rise from is historical role as a central political and economic player in Asia to international prominence as both a political and economic power in the late twentieth century , and its implication for the current world order have been the topics much academic debate. This essay will seek to discern, from a realist perspective, the way in which China transformed itself from a major power in Asia to a major power internationally, focusing particularly on the changes in China’s foreign affairs and international relations strategies and its reform of its economic policies.
It seems inevitable that China’s rise will bring to an end the unipolar hegemony of the United States. Through significant economic reforms in 1978 which facilitated the modernization of China’s economy through the promotion of foreign investment and trade, its economy has grown at the astonishing rate of 9% per annum. This coupled with a more active direction to international relations policy such it’s signing of United Nations Covenants on human rights in 1997 and 1998 and its entrance into the WTO in 1999, China has asserted itself as a central political economic power international power. The implications of this assertion are potentially profound. Perhaps the most important implication is the potential for the birth of a new world order, and if so, what lengths will the United States go to maintain its unipolar hegemony.
Realist theory has argued that as China seeks to reshape the international political and economic environment   and the hegemony of the United States declines and with it,...