Implement the Positive Behavioural Support Model

Assignment 4222-406: Implement the Positive Behavioural Support model (HSC 3065)

Outcome 1: Understand the context of the Positive Behavioural Support model
1. Explain how Positive Behavioural Support has been influenced by: Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) and the Social Role Valorisation (SRV):
Positive behavioral supports is a behavior management system used to understand what maintains an individual's challenging behavior. People's inappropriate behaviors are difficult to change because they are functional; they serve a purpose for them. These behaviors are supported by reinforcement in the environment. In the case of students and children, often adults in a child’s environment will reinforce his or her undesired behaviors because the child will receive objects and/or attention because of his behavior. Functional behavior assessments (FBAs) clearly describe behaviors, identify the contexts (events, times, and situation) that predict when behavior will and will not occur, and identify consequences that maintain the behavior. They also summarize and create a hypothesis about the behavior, directly observe the behavior and take data to get a baseline. The positive behavior support process involves goal identification, information gathering, hypothesis development, support plan design, implementation and monitoring.
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a procedure concerned with analyzing the principles of learning theory and systematically applying this knowledge to change behavior of social significance. It is the applied form of behavior analysis; the other two forms are radical behaviorism (or the philosophy of the science) and the experimental analysis of behavior (or experimental research).
Social Role Valorization (SRV) is the name given to an analysis of human relationships and human services, formulated in 1983 by Wolf Wolfensberger. The theory is based on the idea that society tends to identify groups of people as fundamentally 'different', and of...