Dollars Versus Diplomas
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What every student
should know: Seven
learning impediments
and their remedies
Junaid Qadir


any well-intentioned
students fa i l to
t hr ive in a
u n i ver sit y
not due to lack of
effort, but because
of a deficient mindset and/or methodology. While a wide
variety of problems
can result in subopt i ma l lea r n i ng
performance, there
are seven main categories of learning impediments that hinder student
learning with alarming regularity. You may be facing one, or
more, of these impediments. Not to
fret though; each of these debilitating impediments can be surmounted with self-awareness and some
effort, paving the way for enjoyable,
and productive, learning experiences. In this article, I will identify the
offending learning impediments and
propose plausible remedial policies
to counter each.
Is there anyone so wise as
to learn by the experience of

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPOT.2014.2368793
Date of publication: 6 May 2015



May/June 2015

image licensed by graphic stock

First impediment:
Having a fixed mind-set
Psychologists have highlighted the
self-enforcing propensity of the
human mind-set in that human optimism and pessimism are both selffulfilling. As Henry Ford said, “Whether you think you can or think you
can’t—you are right.” A fixed mindset, a mind-set model proposed by
researcher Carol Dweck, takes the
pessimistic approach to the concept
of intelligence and skill development.
It characterizes a belief that intelligence or talent are fixed human traits

IEEE Potentials

that cannot be significantly developed
beyond a certain degree. Students
with fixed mind-sets obsess
over documenting their
intelligence instead of
focusing on developing their intelligence. Many fixed
mind-set students are gifted
students who
have not learned...