Ile E104 Ethics

1. What is the purpose of Just War?   Explain.

Not all nations concern themselves with justifications, but the United States does explicitly recognize Just War Theory.   It offers a series of principles that aim to retain a plausible moral framework for waging war that are neither unrestricted nor too restrictive.   Dr. Brian Orend precisely describes the purpose of just war by put emphasis on it as a “common sense, middle ground, aimed at providing guidance to the right way to act amid the chaos of battle.”   This concept was not intended to validate the act of war, but prevent war except in certain circumstances.   Thus encouraging conflict resolution by other means, or if no alternative, regulate the activity that is permissible in war.   Accordingly, Just War Theory helps to establish clear guidelines that govern the conduct of arm conflict and limit warfare’s potential negative effects.   Many of the rules developed by Just War Theory have since been organized into present-day international laws governing armed conflict, such as Hague and Geneva Convention and United Nations Charter.

  2. How does Virtue Theory differ from Deontological and Teleological Theories?   Explain.

Deontological and teleological perspectives fall into a subcategory of normative ethics, which studies how one must morally act and speak.   When examining normative theories, a dissimilarity is often made between deontological and teleological perspectives.   Deontology refers to a perspective based on duty or obligation (i.e., “what is right”) rather than on action’s consequence (i.e., “what is good”).   This theory focus is on rules.   In contrast, teleology focus is on moral value or an action’s consequences (i.e., “what is good”) rather than on moral duty (i.e., “what is right”).   This theory focus is on outcomes.
Virtue-based ethics look for happiness and fulfillment by displaying ideal character traits, which are learned early from childhood.   Whereas deontological...