Human Development

This assignment is going to outline the key aspects of adolescent’s development and what problems adolescents have to deal with as they grow and what risk factors are involved.   It will also look at key issues faced during the three stages of adulthood and will define stress and grief.   A situation will be explained that I observed as an officer and there will be an explanation on how police can work more effectively within a community.

As children grow into adolescents they go through many changes in their development.   These include physical, personal, cognitive and social changes.   All of these changes go into making the adolescent and forming the young adult they eventually become.

Children start to go through physical changes.   Breasts start to form and grow on young girls with the assistance of a hormone called Estradiol, and Testosterone assists the young male genitalia start to develop and grow more.   These hormones are spread throughout the body by being released from the endocrine glands, into the bloodstream.   As these changes take place, so do others.   Growth spurts, pubic hair forms and of course, for some maybe earlier than others, a girl’s first menstrual period and a boy’s first ejaculation (which may not be noticed).   According to Santrock (1999), these hormonal and body changes occur, on the average, about 2 years earlier in females (10½ years of age) than in males (12½   years of age), (p. 338).

While these physical changes take place, so to do personal changes.   The adolescent starts to wonder who they are, what they are and where they are going.   With these personal changes comes decision making.   As written by Santrock (1999), the decisions begin to form a core of what the individual is all about as a person – what is called identity, (p.372).   If the right decisions are made for that individual, then they will feel successful in themselves and will go on to the next stages...