Hsc Level 3 Understand and Meet the Nutritional Requirements of Individuals with Dementia

1.1 A person with dementia has an impairment of the functioning of the brain which results in them forgetting things short term one of the most common problems is forgetting to eat and drink. Cognitive behaviour is dysfunctional emotions and behaviours caused by damage affecting the part of the brain responsible for memory and all that we learn from birth. Functional change means losing the ability to remember how to eat using cutlery, instead people will use their fingers to pick up food, finger foods should be offered to protect a person’s dignity and elevate stress and confusion.   Emotional change can be negative emotions about their confused state, an individual may not understand that there is something wrong but they will most likely feel something is wrong causing them to not want to eat.
1.2 Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse and increase the risk of more frequent infections requiring the use of antibiotics. Malnutrition also affects the immune system making it difficult to fight infection therefore reduce wound healing, it can cause dermatological problems, constipation, disturbed sleep patterns and mood changes as well as weight loss or gain.
1.3 Dementia can be affected by other conditions that may prevent an individual from eating and drinking, Individuals with dementia are more likely to have urinary tract infections which can alter the state of mind and behaviour significantly making them more confused and irritated which as a result makes them not want to eat. Some residents with dementia take anti psychotic medication which can make them drowsy and not conscious enough to eat. Depression is another common side effect to dementia and someone with low mood will usually will either not eat or over eat.
1.4 A person’s diet is the type of food they eat and this will often be influenced by culture, beliefs and values. These may in turn be influenced by their religion or ethnic background. Individual preferences, such as what time...