How Have the Rights and Freedoms of Aboriginals and Other Groups in Australia Changed During the Post-War Period?

hanging Rights and Freedoms
Inquiry Questions:
• How have the rights and freedoms of Aboriginals and other groups in Australia changed during the post-war period?

Topic Terms Sub-topics Main points Details
Aboriginal Peoples Protection
Stolen generations
Day of Mourning, 1938
Human rights
Civil Rights
Exemption certificates
Freedom Rides
Terra nullius
Land title
Land Rights
Land Councils
Gurindji (Wave Hill)
Award wages
Tent Embassy
Mabo Case 1992
Native Title
Native Title act 1993
Wik Case 1996
Native Title Amendment Act 1998 Changing government policies • Protection

• Assimilation

• Integration

• Self-determination • Abs a dying race, inferior
• Aboriginal Protection Act 1909 – Abs made wards of the state – little control over own lives
• Reserves and missions – paternalism
• Removal of children

• Official govt policy 1951 – mid 1960s – protection had not worked, Abs not dying out
• Live like whites, give up own culture
• Reserves closed – forced to live on fringes of towns
• Citizenship rights if given a Certificate of Exemption
• Removal of children

• From 1965 – assimilation had not worked
• Abs to be part of mainstream Australia without giving up culture.
• Closure of segregated schools and hospital wards
• Right to vote 1962

• Official policy from 1972 – Whitlam govt – integration had not worked
• Abs to take part in decision making – ATSIC 1989
• Associated with move for land rights
Experiences of the Stolen Generations • Removal

• Institutions

• Education

• Bringing Them Home Report 1997
• Apology • As young as possible, told parents had died, “for own good” - racism, seen as
“neglected”, taken by police, prevented from having contact with family

• Cootamundra Home for Girls, Kinchela Home for Boys, The Bungalow in
• To 3rd grade level, taught...