How Do Airports and Airlines Address the Future Threats to the Aviation Industry?

How do Airports and Airlines address the future threats to the Aviation Industry?


As the aviation industry is a multi-billion dollar business and is fast growing, the threats it is facing are also increasing on a fast pace. The airports and airlines have been discovering and developing measures to combat these threats. Through the years, security procedures evolved and it has been observed that most of the rules and procedures implemented by the governing bodies in aviation had been preceded by a major tragic incident or event.

Airport security procedures are designed to prevent and respond to acts of unlawful interference that may affect the safety and security of the travelling public. While the airlines, having the full control of the aircraft while in-flight, are also adopting measures to
address these threats.

We are going to tackle the most common measures implemented by airlines and airports, in cooperation with ICAO and other governing bodies in the aviation sector, to combat future threats to the aviation industry. This will include few examples of defining events that
shaped up few of these Standards and Recommended Procedures.

A. Passenger and Baggage Reconciliation System

Air India Flight 182 Bombing

On June 23, 1985, an Air India Flight 182 was blown up by a bomb in mid-air over the Atlantic near Ireland. A total of 329 people were killed.   The flight was operating from Toronto to Montreal as AI 181. The flight number had changed to Flight AI 182 for the return trip to London, New Delhi and Bombay. (Smith, 2001, pp. 109-112)

On its way to London, at 07:05hrs GMT, Air India Flight 182 and relayed the information to Shannon International Airport Air Traffic Control while passing the Irish air space. At 07:14:01hrs GMT the Air India radar return suddenly vanished. Unknown to the controllers, Flight 182 had disintegrated in mid-air.

An examination of passenger lists and computer records...