How Can the Way in Which We Organise Our Thinking by Using Mental Images, Concepts and Schemas Help Us to Improve Our Memory?

Essay Plan

This will state the aim of my essay and a brief explanation of what I intend to include in it. (100 - 150 words approx)

- A definition of each of the terms using the book as reference material
- Then explore how each help our memory formation and recall using:
    o the use of key words by Raugh and Atkinson (1975)
    o the idea of concepts by Bousfield (1953) and Mandler (1967)
    o and the …..
all cited in Staring with Psychology 2011 as reference material, giving alternative examples to show my understanding of the concepts. (700 - 800 words approx)

A brief summary and drawing together of all key points included in main body. (100 - 150 words approx)


How can the way in which we organise our thinking by using mental images, concepts and schemas help us to improve our memory?

‘Cognitive Psychology’ looks at attention, language, memory, perception and problem solving. Cognitive psychologists believe that our thoughts are organised using a variety of methods which can also support memory formation and recall. The purppose of my essay is to consider the way in which three methods - mental images, concepts and schemas, help us with this function.

I aim to define the terms and describe how each helps support our memory, bearing in mind everyone’is different and not everything works in the same way for everyone, using studies by Raugh and Atkinson, (1975), Bousfield (1953),   Mandler (1967) and Bransford and Johnston (1972), (all cited in Starting with Psychology, Spoors et al 2011).

Lets start with defining the terms of 3 ways of organising our thoughts and memory so we can be clear about what each is.
Mental images are the abiltiy of the human brain to visualise something that it has previously ‘seen/experienced’ but isn’t presently there.
Concepts are something formed in the mind such as an idea, thought or notion. Concept formation is the process of making a mental note of...