“Social constraint in the harmonious social cohesion or organic solidarity”

-Emile Durkheim


Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist, asserted that in a social cohesion or better known as ‘organic solidarity,’ there will always be certain disputes or social constraints i.e. stratification etc. Apparently, Durkheim is saying that in the harmonious operation and/or interactions among varieties of institutions such as political system, religion, family, etc, there is a continuous operation of certain disputes in the society that eventually leads to some societal changes. These changes can be in any form and in any way i.e. change of higher class belief. In the end, the change occurs every now and then.

Such societal occurrences – social constraints – are true enough to say that they are operating in a wider space. Looking at it at a bigger picture, one story would prove that indeed these occurrences are happening. Gonzalo Villa’s “A Voice in Rama” portrays a vivid imagery of social constraints which pervades the operation of the organic solidarity of social institutions.

Evidently, analyzing the story “A Voice in Rama” would make use of the Sociological Criticism. The analysis would focus on the grounds of the story’s sociological portrayals such as the beliefs and even the status quo of the story’s setting.

More importantly, the story pictures two prominent imageries of social constraints. In the end, this paper will prove two contentions. First contention would assert that that story portrays the prevalence of social stratification which leads to social change. The second contention would prove that he story paints a scene of an on-going conflict operating within the institutions of belief.

  I. Prevalence of Social Stratification and social changes

      The first question that probably lurks in one’s mind is how social stratification is portrayed in the story. Certainly, there are several scenes and/or parts in the story that...