Hittites and Ancient Egypt

In this essay I will be comparing and contrasting the Hittites and Ancient Egypt. I’ll be
comparing these three themes: Government, Religion, and Economics.

The government in the Hittite empire was believed to be the first constitutional
monarchy. Because they had no law of succession until 150 BC, the death of a king prior to
then often triggered a struggle for power. The head of the empire was the king, followed by
the har-apparent. During the empire years, the Hittite ruler was called the Great King.
However, some officials exercised independent authority over various branches of
The government of Ancient Egypt depended on two important factors: the pharaoh
and agriculture. The pharaoh was a very important part of the Egyptian government because
he appointed the other officials during most periods. Evidence shows that Egypt was a United
Kingdom with a single ruler, which shows that the first pharaoh set up a form of central
government and established an economic system.

The Hittites were polytheistic. Hittite religion and mythology were heavily influenced
by their Hattic, Mesopotamian, and Horrian counterparts. The understanding of Hittite
mythology depends on reading of surviving stone carvings, deciphering of the iconology
represented in seal stone. Their religion is often known by the expression “1,000 Gods of
Hatti.” The gods that were incorporated into the Hittite pantheon were arranged and
classified according to their strength and function. At the center of the gods was the male


Storm God, Teshuba, and his wife, the Sun Goddess, Hebut. The Hittites used an earthly name
that they used for each other in the divine realm. The gods were to a large extent human,
except for their strengths and powers. They experiences the same emotions as humans:
happiness, love, and anger. Although their shape was often non-human and presented in the
shapes of different animals. The Weather God was a bull,...