History and Future Telecommunications

History and Future of Telecommunications
Yana Monroe
NTC 360/George McNary
University of Phoenix
March 11, 2008

History and Future of Telecommunications
Telecommunications has evolved tremendously since it’s beginning in the mid 1800’s with the first public demonstration of the Morse code. (Webbconsult, 2008)   Telecommuting some would say is a way of life.   Could people actually live without telecommunications?   Probably not, because so much is depended upon the telephone, such as Internet, fax, etc… This paper will discuss a brief history and explain where the world of telecommunications is going.
As stated above, telecommunications started with its first public demonstration in the mid 1800’s, by Samuel Morse.   Morse code is code that is designed to represent the alphabet and is transmitted through the telegraph.   In 1858 after an attempt of the first Atlantic telegraph cable failed, the second attempt was a success in 1866.   In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and it was patent in the US.   The first words he spoke were, “Watson, come here.   I need you.”   Although there were recognizable speech sounds, it was hard to understand what was actually being said.   In the 1880 pay stations were introduced to New York.   These were actually pay stations with attendants rather than now, where one could just go to a payphone, insert coins and be able to talk.   In 1885 American Telephone and Telegraph was established, known to many as AT&T.   AT&T starts to offer private line service in 1886.
The fax machine was invented in 1842 by Alexander Bain, but did not become familiar with the public until the 1980’s.   Facsimile was the way of communicating when one party could not be reached and information needed to get to them right away.   In 1981 IBM introduces its first desktop computer.   In 1983 Microsoft introduces the Windows operating system.   The 1980’s was when cable television and cell phones were popular.   By 1987 the US reaches one million...