Hearing Voices

This essay will examine one of the problems Ade is facing (hearing voices), look into the biopsychosocial model, interventions and discuss his recovery framework.   Hearing voices is frequently described as an auditory hallucination. It has been considered as a sign of severe mental illness, especially psychosis, but studies show that hearing voices is more common than generally thought and that is not necessarily related to schizophrenia or any other psychological disorder (Young et al. 1986 and Verdoux et al. 1998). Hearing voices involve the perception of a large away of sounds, which, when involving voices, are referred to as auditory verbal hallucinations (Vydotsky, 1934/1986).
According to Barker, hearing voices is most commonly considered as a symptom of psychosis. He said people may experience psychosis as part of an illness experience (e.g. schizophrenia). He argued that people may hear voices due to extremely stressful situations, post-traumatic stress syndrome, massive losses, culture, shock, a medication side effect e.g. disulfiram/antabuse and opiates (Barker, 2009,   P. 201). Although, there are many highly regarded authorities who question the traditional psychiatric view linking voices with schizophrenia (Slade and Bentall, 1988).
Apart from Barker, there are some other authorities that said there are other specific circumstances in which voices may be heard. Hearing voices may occur in association with other factors, such as, sleep deprivation, profound social isolation, sensory illness, solitary confinement, hunger, sensory deprivation and bereavement. It was suggested that combination of factors can act as a trigger which may initiate the experience of hearing voices in certain individual (Grassian, 1983). A large amount of chemical substances, both naturally occurring and synthetic are known to alter states of consciousness in which hearing voices may also occur (Grof, 1985).
The disturbance of physiological functioning, coupled with a wide...