Hearing Impairment


In addition to classroom changes, it is often necessary to make adjustments in your teaching style and routine in order to accommodate your visually impaired students.
Here are some things you can do:
      * Explain everything in detail - Lessons, lectures, presentations, visuals on the overhead, diagrams should all be explained in detail for those students who are blind and have no vision.
      * Make sure to always give directions orally.
      * Help with directional movement and body orientation (move to the left, the board is straight ahead of you, your test is slightly to the left side of your desk, etc.)
      * Always offer to read written information aloud.
      * Always identify people including yourself by name in case they cannot see well enough to identify them, you or the students in their group.
      * Always use a tactile or auditory signal when necessary instead of a visual cue. For example, for clean up or lining up, try hand clapping signals or a song. Instead of showing just pictures, try adding sound effects.
      * Always make sure to notify these students ahead of time when there will be changes in the school or classroom schedule, such as special events, guest speakers, etc.
      * As mentioned earlier, order all texts, workbooks and tests in large print or Braille if possible.
      * Provide tactile learning experiences when possible (i.e. instead of talking about rocks, bring them in to pass around. Same with shells, foods, properties of matter, etc.) It is important to give them hands-on exploration that does not solely rely on their sight.
      * Use a tape recorder as much as possible.
      * Whenever you leave or enter the classroom, speak to the class notifying those visually impaired students that you are in proximity.
      * Have patience with them and repeat any or all information as many times as necessary.

  * Look directly at the student and face him or her...