Health N Social

Barry Cooper
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care
1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and
positioning of individuals
When moving a positioning individual’s, it is important to ensure the individual is not moved more than there body is
capable of, as muscles can only move bones at the joint as far as the joint allows. It is also important to move and handle
correctly to ensure nerve fibres are not damaged as they are delicate, but also important as they send impulses into tthe
body which enable muscle to relax and contract.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual
Specific condition affecting individuals could be arthritis, stiff, possibly swollen, painful joints and frequently have limited
movement in the affected areas. Cerebral palsy, 3 main types, may affect muscle tone, communication may also be
affected. Spinal injury, symptoms can vary from pain to paralysis.
2.1 Describe how legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related to moving and positioning

Every time care workers move or support an individual they are performing manual handling on that individual. According
to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), 50% of all reported accidents are from the Health and Social sector and in
particular with moving and handling. To reduce the amount of accidents and injury, there is legislation in place to protect
everybody. Here are a few examples of legislations: Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER) ensures that equipment used is safe and suitable and has had regular safety checks in line with legislation. Manual
Handling Operations Regulations 1992 Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 - we must take safety and load into
consideration These legislations are in place to make sure it is a legal requirement for employers to make sure the health,...