Health Care Innovation

Health Care Innovation
Darlene Holt
HCA 210
January 25, 2014
Andrea Engle

Health Care Innovation
      The term “medical technology” can be used to refer to the procedures, equipment, and processes by which health care professionals deliver medical care.   (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2007) Examples of medical technology would include x-rays, robot assisted surgery systems, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scanners, positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, implantable defibrillators, and ventilators. Other examples include electronic medical records (EMR), angioplasty, joint replacement, and drugs for the treatment of various health conditions.   (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2007)
      Health care experts have pointed to the development of medical technology, as one of the primary factors in explaining why there is a difference in health care spending and overall economic growth. Some health care experts have argued that new medical technology may account for at least one half of long-term spending growth.   (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2007)
      Health care has had many developments with medical technology over the last few years. One of these great innovations in medical technology is the robot-assisted surgical system. First used in 1985, medical robots have made an impact in several disciplines including but not limited to laparoscopy, orthopedic surgery, spinal surgery, neurosurgery, emergency response, and prostate surgery.   (Beasley, 2012)   The first published account of the use of a robot in human surgery was for a brain biopsy with combined with a computed tomography (CT) and a stereotactic frame in 1985. (Beasley, 2012) The introduction of robotics in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a significant improvement over manual laparoscopy.   Minimally Invasive Surgery is performed through smaller ports rather than large incisions, resulting in shorter recovery times, with fewer...