Health and Social Care Level 2 P4 Unit 2

Equalities Act legislation 2010
The Equality Act protects people from discrimination because of religion or religious or philosophical belief. To be protected, a person must belong to a religion that has a clear structure and belief system. Denominations or sects within a religion can be considered a protected religion or religious belief, for instance Protestants and Catholics within Christianity. A philosophical belief must satisfy various criteria, including that it is a belief about a weighty and substantial aspect of human life and behaviour – so, for example, humanism is a philosophical belief. People are also protected from being discriminated against because of lack of religion or belief, so they cannot be treated less favourably because they do not follow a certain religion or have no religion or belief at all. Discrimination because of religion or belief can occur even where both the discriminator and victim share the same religion or belief – for example, discrimination on grounds of being Sunni or Shia within Islam, or discrimination on grounds of being Protestant or Catholic within Christianity.
When you treat another person less favourably because of their religion or belief, this will be direct discrimination.
Direct discrimination can also occur when a person who is not of a particular religion or belief is treated unfairly because they are linked or associated with someone of a particular religion or belief. This is called discrimination by association.
The Equality Act protects you if you're treated badly because you've complained about discrimination or stood up for discrimination rights.
The Act also protects you if people in your life, like family members or friends, have a protected characteristic and you're treated unfairly because of that. This is called discrimination by association.
The characteristics that are protected by the Equality Act 2010 are:
  * age
  * disability
  * gender reassignment
  * marriage or civil...