Health and Social Care, Cu2645 Move and Position Individuals Inaccordence with Their Plan of Care

NVQ Level 3 In Health and Social Care
CU2645   Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care
1.Understnd anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals.
1.1. Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals.
• The spinal column is made up of individual bones called vertebrae. In between the bones there are joints that connect these together. A ligament connects bone to support joints. This is why individuals must never be dragged when being moved as this can cause joints to over stretch and then sprain the ligaments.  
• Muscles work by the fibres they contain contracting; this makes the muscle shorten. When the muscle shortens it pulls on the tendon and then on the bone to which it is attached. We need to know the normal range of movement of the muscles and joints so when moving, handling and positioning a person we know the limits of each limb. We need to take into consideration other factors that may inhibit a person’s movement such as:
  - Old Fractures.
- Torn Muscles.
- Rheumatism and Arthritic conditions.
This should all be written within the individuals care plan as well as a step by step plan on that has been agreed with them on how to move and handle them. When any individual is moved and positioned it is important this happens smoothly. Sudden movements or pulling in any direction of an individual’s limbs or body can cause pulled muscles or tear tendons which can cause a lot of pain. Bones in limbs are covered with tissue. Putting pressure on an individual’s hand or arm when they are moving from one position to another can cause a bone to fracture. Fractures can also happen if there is an accident with for example equipment like a hoist and this falls onto the individual when moving/positioning them or using the wrong sling size and the individual falls out.

1.2. Describe the impact of specific conditions on...