Hatshepsut – Research Essay

Q1) Describe how Hatshepsut became king?
Hatshepsut broke unwritten rules, tradition and general conventions of her time to establish herself as a woman Pharaoh. Hatshepsut was an 18th dynasty Pharaoh, daughter to Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. Due to the death of Hatshepsut’s father Thutmose I, her half brother Thutmose II ascended to the throne. As it was expected in royal families, the oldest daughter of the pharaoh would marry a brother to keep the royal blood lines intact. As a result of this, Hatshepsut then did follow the ancient custom and married her half brother Thutmose II, to assist in securing her families great status and power through remaining in royalty. Thutmose II’s reign as the ruler of Egypt was cut short as died at an early age. It may have been that Thutmose II died of an illness and thus held the throne only for only an estimated 14 years.

When King Thutmose II died, the rule of Pharaoh was passed down to his son Thutmose III. However due to the young age of the newly appointed Pharaoh, he required a regent. A regent is where a person is elected to take control and leadership of the head of state as the ruler is a too young to do so. Hatshepsut became his regent and assumed the basic roles and duties of the king. It is believed that Thutmose III was only 10 years old when appointed to Pharaoh. Hatshepsut and Thutmose II ruled together for a number of years until she took the bold step and proclaimed herself as Pharaoh. It is suggested she did this as Thutmose III was reaching manhood. This move was something almost unheard of, despite the higher status of women in Egypt compared to women in other cultures at the time. Before Hatshepsut, there were queens who had ruled Egypt, but never a female Pharaoh.

To assist her in becoming Pharaoh, Hatshepsut had claimed that the God Amun-Ra spoke to her, saying "welcome my sweet daughter, my favourite, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Maatkare, Hatshepsut. Thou...