Guided Photons


  Serial No. | Name Of Team Member | Registration No. | Branch |
1. | Bhaskar Sundaraseshan | 13Bee1028 | E.E.E. |
2. | Raj Vadhan Khandekar | 13BEE1072 | E.E.E. |
3. | Mayank Raj | 13BEE1073 | E.E.E. |
4. | Nambiar Nikhil SunilKumar | 13BEE1083 | E.E.E. |
5. | Onkar PradipRao Pimparwar | 13BEE1094 | E.E.E. |

A waveguide is a structure that guides waves, such as electromagnetic waves or sound waves. There are different types of waveguides for each type of wave. The original and most common meaning is a hollow conductive metal pipe used to carry high frequency radio waves, particularly microwaves. The geometry of a waveguide reflects its function. Slab waveguides confine energy to travel only in one dimension, fiber or channel waveguides for two dimensions. The frequency of the transmitted wave
also dictates the shape of a waveguide: an optical fiber guiding high-frequency light will not guide microwaves of a much lower frequency. As a rule of thumb, the width of a waveguide needs to be of the same order of magnitude as the wavelength of the guided wave.
Using a simple two-dimensional model of a planar waveguide, it is shown that a guided photon exhibits all of the kinematic and mass-related properties of a free elementary particle and, even more importantly, that these properties can be derived from first principles without recourse to particle or wave mechanics. The approach, which is referred to as guided-wave mechanics, is based on the kinematics of photon propagation rather than field modes, the latter tending to obscure the underlying mechanics. As a consequence, concepts that appear as postulates in traditional relativistic quantum mechanics appear in guided-wave mechanics as derived quantities with physically intuitive, albeit novel, interpretations. This includes, among others, mass, wave-particle duality, and the equivalence principle of...