Great Lakes Governance


Great Lakes Governance and its Contribution to the Great Lakes Ecosystem

Great Lakes refer to the collection of the fresh water lakes consisting of the five Great Lakes (Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario) and other numerous minor lakes and rivers (Kettl D.F, 2002). In Africa, Great Lakes refer to a series of lakes located on the floor of the Great East African Rift Valley and they include Lakes Victoria, Tanganyika, Malawi, Albert, Kivu and Edward. The five Great Lakes are located on the Canada-United States border in the northeastern side of the North America. As such, Great Lakes Governance refers to system of governance that deals with the legislations and the management of the Great Lakes resources. This paper seeks to discuss the various aspects of the Great Lakes governance and how this has contributed towards the restoration of the Great Lakes ecosystem.
Even though many benefits have been derived from the Great Lakes including commercial exploitation of the resources such as fish, minerals and logs, the vulnerability of these lakes to toxic contamination and other stresses has necessitated the development of the Great Lakes governance. According to Rothwell, D. and VanderZwaag D.L (2006), the Great Lakes governance has evolved from the aspects of national sovereignty to the present scientific-based management principles. Lately, the Great Lakes governance is adopting the ecosystem-based approach to water resources management. However, the adoption of various aspects of the Great Lakes governance has greatly affected the preservation and the restoration of the Great Lakes ecosystem. (Marcia Valiante, 2007).
To begin with, the connecting channels of the five Great Lakes are a big challenge to the management and environmental institutions. This is due to the facts that these channels (the rivers and the straits) have brought up many aspects together...