Gorbachev's Reforms (Succeses Failures (Brief))

I agree to a large extent that Gorbachev’s reforms were a complete failure.

Gorbachev’s reforms resulted in the soviet economy becoming worse. His policy of perestroika was put in place to transform the soviet economy so that it would function well as a modern, efficient and productive economy. His reforms however, did not produce the desired results and economic growth did not improve. From 1988 to 1989, the economic situation was the same as before. From 1990 to 1991, the national income fell. At 1991, the soviet economy experienced crisis. Hence, his reforms were a failure as it did not produce expected results and in addition to that, brought about more problems and created poverty for the people of Russia.

Another failure of Gorbachev's reforms was that it led to the fall of communism. Gorbachev's reforms were aimed at making communist USSR stronger by removing inefficient policies and imposing new ones which suited the situation in USSR. For example, the original soviet command economy was inefficient, wasteful and slow-growing. Thus, Gorbachev introduced Perestroika to restructure the country's economic system. However, Perestroika failed and this eventually led to the fall of communism. As a result, Gorbachev's reforms were a failure as it not only failed to achieve it's intended objectives, but also backfired and caused an opposite effect - the downfall of communism.

However, Gorbachev’s reforms did bring about some successes as well.

Gorbachev's reforms brought freedom to the people in Russia. Among the working class, more lands were given to the farmers as their own private plot of land these lands have productivity much higher than those of the collective or state farms. The farm workers were able to form their own work teams or brigades. These brought much ease to the farmers in the country. Apart from that, the people in Russia were given the freedom to elect the members of the local soviets. Most of all, Gorbachev's reforms brought to the...