Georgia and Nato



Events and developments in the Caucasus region during the past few years have increased concerns about growing regional instability.   Georgia continues to be an important player for regional stability.   However there are significant political and military considerations for the inclusion of Georgia into a NATO- led GAAT multinational operation.   Georgian military capability, political reforms and support of NATO objectives, and Georgia’s own political agendas are all key considerations in determining inclusion or exclusion to a NATO led Coalition Joint Task Force (CJTF).


a. Summary and key facts of consideration
1) The regional instability in Azerbaijan (AZ) and violent altercations between AZ forces and South Azeri People’s Army (SAPA) has caused for concern in Georgia.   The BTC pipeline is a major oil and natural gas artery through the GAAT region and the SAPA insurgency and attacks aimed at the BTC pipeline through Georgia is a major concern.  
2) Armenia as well has started to destabilize with its high unemployment and low GNP unable to support social and economical reforms.   Recent attacks by the Free Karabakh Movement (FKM) on the Armenian nuclear power plant at Metsamor and the potential for sabotage of the gas pipeline from Russian to Armenia through Georgia is a concern for regional stability.  
3) Russia’s maintenance of several thousand troops in the Georgia regions of Adkhazia and South Ossetia and their recognition by Russia as independent states has the potential of destabilizing areas of northern Georgia.
4) Georgia: current potential for conflict is with Russia over Adkhazia and South Ossetia.   Their form of government is a Republic going through major reforms.   Important factor is the five major pipelines running through Georgia and concerns of any impact that would restrict flow of oil or gas through the region.
5) Georgia (a non-NATO member) is also a major...