Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Societies

October 31, 2014
Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society World: The Nile River
Earliest inhabitants settled on the fertile banks of the Nile River valley in northern Africa. The land was exceptional for farming, and society thrived. The Nile River offered plenty of fish and the silt it deposited on the banks after its annual flooding left the soil perfect for agriculture. The Egyptians developed a calendar based on the pattern of flooding on the Nile (Romer, 1989).   This understanding of time allowed the Egyptians to practice crop rotation and they learned to plant food and other crops according to their specific growing seasons. All of these items could be used to trade with people in Africa, as well as southern Asia. In addition to being crucial for agriculture the location of the Nile River valley also acted as a natural barrier, keeping the Egyptians safe from enemies.
Historical Systems of power, governance and authority World:   The Nazi Party (National Socialist Workers' Party)
Suffering major loss during WWI, Germany was looking for a way to get out of debt. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles ended up plunging the country into an economic depression (McDonough, 2003). Money had so little value it was used as fuel to keep people warm. A young war veteran, named Adolf Hitler, and began looking into the Nationalist Socialist Workers' Party.   He liked that their ideals would bring Germans away from communism and towards nationalism.   He was also very charismatic and the German people were desperate enough to listen to his ideas. In an attempt to pay back war debts, Germany printed too many marks, and ended up devaluing their currency; their money was worthless. Hitler declared himself the leader of Germany and just six years later, the Nazi party had declared war on the Jews, whom Hitler felt were responsible for the dire financial situation that Germany found itself in (McDonough, 2003).   His actions led to a response from several...