Freshwater Biome

Did you know that freshwater biome contains the second most diverse group of plants and animals, animals such as frogs, toads, and salamanders? Although it is not the largest, this biome is the most spread out over the world. When you ask someone what is freshwater? Most people will tell you that freshwater is what we drink and what I use in everyday life. But to us freshwater is more important than that.

    Freshwater biomes are home to a lot of biotic features. Thousands of plant species live in freshwater habitats around the world: along edges, on the surface, or at the bottom of shallow lakes and ponds; in temporarily flooded low areas and meadows; at seeps and springs in hill or montane regions; in flowing water of streams and rivers; rooted in waterlogged soils; and along any other natural or human-produced drainage system. "Freshwater wetlands" occur from below sea level to some very lofty alpine habitats, where water may persist throughout the year or where it can be very ephemeral. Normally we classify a freshwater wetland as a place where at least half of the species found there are truly aquatic plant species.
Many species of aquatic plants are essentially cosmopolitan, meaning that they are widely distributed around the world. Some of the widest distributions are attributable to human activities. Humans have accidentally (sometimes intentionally) transported seeds, fruits, or vegetative clones from one pond or watershed to another, but many of the cosmopolitan distributions are attributable instead to birds, particularly waterfowl, which inadvertently transport the plant propagules when lodged in their features or trapped in mud on the feet. Some examples are the water lily, yellow pond-lily, cape-pondweed, pondweed, Victorian water lily, water-shield, floating heart, water-chestnut, and the frog-bit.

    All land-dwelling creatures need fresh water to survive. Most freshwater animals live in the water. They spend their whole life in the water....