Foundation Degree Childhood

The Child and Contemporary Society

There are many different values and opinions in today’s society that may affect the lives of children and their families. The writer will explore the difficulties children with a disability, and their families, have to face on a daily basis in society today; with laws in place the writer is interested to see why discrimination to children with disabilities still happens in society today. I will explore the values, diversity and the discrimination issues that may have an affect on the lives of children and their families. The writer hopes to achieve an understanding of children who are living with disabilities, and what can affect them and their families in today’s society achieve   equal opportunities and to see what different improvements have been made to make this possible.

There are many different theories in sociology. The definition of sociology according to the Oxford dictionary is the study of the development, structure and functioning of human society. One major theoretical perspective in sociology is the functionalist perspective, also called functionalism. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable. Functionalists believe that society is based around a value consensus and social solidarity, which is achieved by socialisation and social control. When one part of the system is not working, or is dysfunctional, it affects all other parts, and creates social problems, which leads to social change. He believes that family is the primary point of socialization, in that it provides children with values and norms. Families have the most influences on children and pass on their beliefs.

These are the types of social solidarity Durkheim believed in:

Mechanical solidarity connects the individual to society without any intermediary. That is, society is organized collectively and all members of the...