Forensic Science: Case Study

CRJ311: Forensics
Instructor:   Tracy Guaderrama

Forensic Science: Case Study
Forensic science is a scientific field under the main spectrum of law that deals with the collection, preservation and later analysis of any evidence during an investigation. Forensic science relates to the use of science or ay technology in investigations in order to establish facts and evidences in a court of law. The word forensic science comes from the Latin form that was in a public gathering during the Roman times. The judicial activities and public business was conducted in a forensic. Forensic science has been in use for a long time in establishing facts that connect to the answers of different cases. Police and law investigators depend on forensic science to build their cases upon which they prosecute the offenders found guilty of such crimes that need the use of forensic science. The case of sexual assault of the 96-year-old Miss Mary brings into application on what happened to her and reveals how forensic science can be useful when carrying out criminal investigations.
According to history, forensic science saw its first use in 1890 when the fingerprint classification and matching was introduced. Edmund Locard started the exercise by matching 12 fingerprints for comparison purposes. After the invention of the fingerprint, classification came the determination of blood groups in 1910. Dr Calvin Goddard carried out the first forensic science investigation in determination of blood groups through microscopy to compare the shell castings recovered from the St Valentine’s Day Massacre. From the 1980s and 1990s, the invention of the DNA profiling technique gave a big boost to forensic science. The invention of DNA profiling led to establishment of the DNA database such as CODIS, which is widely used in comparison and matching of DNA profiles recovered from crime scenes. Many people believe that Arthur Conan Doyle as the first Peron to make...