Feminist Theology

Nika Khorina
Rafferty, A. (2012) Feminist Theology Now. Feminist Theology, 20(3), 190-194.


In an article, “Feminist Theology Now”, Agness Rafferty discusses the ways of deployment of Feminist theology both in the context of “inside” development as a way to rehabilitate the role of women in religion and “outside” elaboration under the influence of the new areas of scientific knowledge.
Social upheavals of the 20th century led to profound changes in contemporary life of society and had a significant impact on all social groups, especially on women.
Thus, Feminist Theology arised as a response to the new challenges of the modern world, such as global poverty, violence and discrimination against women in politics, economics and religion.
Criticism and overcoming of the patriarchal attitude, which was historically reinforced by different religious dogmas, had become one of the major tasks of the new theology. For example, one of the central issues of Christian feminist theology is the female priesthood; despite significant advances in the women’s ordination, it is still difficult to achieve equality in this area.
It is important to note the impact of Postcolonial Studies, Gender Studies and Queer theory in the context of elaboration of Feminist theology under the influence of new areas of scientific knowledge. Putting "difference" on the main stage, these theories contribute to the consideration of theology at the new meanings of gender, sexuality (Queer Theology), ethnicity (Theology of   ”Mujerista”) and race (“Womanist” Theology); it allows to explore the individual characteristics of women's social groups more deeply.
Thus, feminist theology during its development divided into a plurality of concepts using a variety of methods to achieve common goals. Therefore, the author suggests that now we can talk not only about different "theologies" as parts of the Feminist Theology, but also about the emergence of Post-feminist theology. The main question...