Family Violence

In my essay, I will articulate my understanding of New Zealand public policies and theoretical frameworks on family violence prevention by using concepts/principles, legislations and strategies/policies that have an significant impact on social change in NZ society.. Furthermore Government ideologies such as welfare state, liberal and postmodern social construct can influence how public policies are framed.  

1) Theoretical Frameworks:
There are numerous theoretical frameworks from different disciplines which includes sociology, public health, psychology, criminal justice, and social work that explain the causes of family violence. I will use 2 macro-oriented theories which utilise social cultural explanations, namely feminist theory and subculture theory and 2 micro-oriented theories which utilise intra-individual/social/psychological explanations, namely social learning theory and psychopathology theory. However, there is no theory that explains the cause of family violence. It takes various integrated theories to understand the causes of violence in family. (Renzetti, Edleson, Bergen,2001).   .

a)Social cultural explanations: These explanations are based on macro system such as structural and institutional in the society that contribute subtlety to family violence.  

i) Feminist theory.
Feminists believe that the main cause of family violence is gendered. Males think that they are more superior to women. Connolly, M. (Ed.2001) observes “This patriarchal tradition is a recurrent theme throughout Western history and places of Western colonisation.” (p.112) Males want to prove their prowess by using physical power over women. There are 3 categories of feminists. The liberal feminist believes that the state should provide financial support such as childcare so that women have more freedom and choices to be more independence of men. Socialist feminist believes that women should fight for equality such in job status and pay. Radical...